About Stoughton OASIS
The OASIS coalition was established in 2004 by a small group of committed community partners who were committed to address youth substance abuse in Stoughton. Since 2004, OASIS has received numerous state and federal grants. Our membership has grown to incorporate many new partners, while maintaining a strong core of founding members. In October 2011, OASIS was granted the 2nd 5-year installment of a federal Drug Free Communities Grant. OASIS is hosted by the Stoughton Youth Commission, a program of the Town of Stoughton.
What puts Youth at Greater Risk for Substance Abuse?
Risk and protective factors are things that may be present or absent in a young person’s life that increase or decrease their likelihood to use alcohol and other drugs. Using youth data and information collected through focus groups and interviews, OASIS has identified risk and protective factors that are more common among Stoughton youth. Here are some few of the risk and protective factors that OASIS addresses through our prevention strategies.
Age of onset
The earlier the age at which someone starts drinking the greater the risk that s/he will develop alcohol-related problems later in life. A delay in drinking until 20- to 21-years-old reduces the risk of developing alcohol-related problems (Chou et al, 1992).
Youth perception that parents approve of their alcohol or drug use
One of the most consistent risk factors for adolescent drinking is perceived parental approval (Donovan, 2004).
Positive parental style and close monitoring by parents are proven protective factors for adolescent’s use of alcohol and other drugs (Stewart, 2002).
Low perception of harm
Low perception of harm towards alcohol and drug use is a risk factor for use (Henry et al, 2005). Individuals with attitudes or values favorable to alcohol or drugs are more likely to initiate substance use (Hawkins et al, 1992).
Youth access and availability
The majority of alcohol consumed by youth is obtained through social sources, such as parents and friends, at underage parties and at home (Birckmayer et al, 2004). Availability of alcohol or illegal drugs leads to increased use (Hawkins et al, 1995).
Poor school achievement and low school bonding
Adolescents who have a low commitment to school or do poorly are more likely to become alcohol involved (Birckmayer et al, 2004).